Speaking on behalf of the League in an 1887 address to the Evangelical Alliance Conference, Samuel Dike described the ideal family as having "one man and one woman, united in wedlock, together with their children". ", "Reform activity that challenged either the subordination of women to men or the patriarchal limitation of women's status provoked an antifeminist response that included an intellectual and political campaign to halt progress toward women's rights and equality. As the feminist movement has changed since its foundation, the principles and interests of anti-feminism have also changed over the course of history.  As a response to a pro-feminism speech by Australian Labor Senator Penny Wong, several women who identify as being humanist and antifeminist argued in an article for the Guardian that feminism is a discriminatory ideology and continues to portray women as victims.  This movement built the foundation for many pro-family arguments in contemporary antifeminism. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Like feminism, this can describe a broad range of ideas, which we shall attempt to divide into 3 groupings. They believe that the feminist movement has achieved its aims and now seeks higher status for women than for men via special rights and exemptions, such as female-only scholarships, affirmative action, and gender quotas. The novel claimed that Communist leaders used their men and women to recruit a variety of minorities in the nation's capital, such as females, colored males, and homosexual males. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words? , In 1951, two journalists published Washington Confidential. Anti-Feminists prefer to follow a more appropriate Biblical representative of women modeled in scripture (Christianity).Many of the Bible verses anti-feminists follow are Ephesians 5:22, … Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). …  According to Helen Lewis, the far-right ideology considers it vital to control female reproduction and sexuality: "Misogyny is used predominantly as the first outreach mechanism", where "You were owed something, or your life should have been X, but because of the ridiculous things feminists are doing, you can’t access them. 19 synonyms and near synonyms of anti-feminist from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 5 antonyms and near antonyms. However, it was defeated in Congress when it failed to get the vote of thirty-eight legislatures by 1982. Like other conservative women's groups, they oppose abortion and same-sex marriage and make appeals for maternalism and biological differences between women and men. Kimmel further writes that antifeminist argumentation relies on "religious and cultural norms" while proponents of antifeminism advance their cause as a means of "'saving' masculinity from pollution and invasion". , Founded in the U.S. by Phyllis Schlafly in 1972, Stop ERA, now known as "Eagle Forum", lobbied successfully to block the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment in the U.S. It was also Schlafly who forged links between Stop ERA and other conservative organizations, as well as single-issue groups against abortion, pornography, gun control, and unions.  In the mid and late 20th century antifeminists often opposed the right to abortion and, in the United States, the Equal Rights Amendment. , In India, the Save Indian Family Foundation is an antifeminist organization opposed to a number of laws that they claim to have been used against men. A person who believes in equality between sexes, but does not believe that Feminist philosophy shares those ideals. It was founded to take on the "old feminist establishment". These organizations frame themselves as being by women, for women, in order to fight the idea that feminism is the only women-oriented ideology. It underwent a shift from fighting against divorce to promoting marriage and traditional family. Antifeminismus (griech. Some women saying they don't need it", "Not all feminists: How modern feminism has become complicated, messy and sometimes alienating", "Am I a feminist? These organizations chastise feminists for presuming to universally speak for all women. , The Equal Rights Amendment is a perennially proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would grant equal rights and opportunities to every citizen of the United States, regardless of their sex. To put it simply, anti-feminism is an opposition to the principles and an idea of feminism. ", "Reasonable distinctions": an alternative to the ERA, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, "Stop fem-splaining: what 'Women Against Feminism' gets right", "Is feminism still relevant?  Due to the stigma against feminism, some activists, such as those involved with Girls Rock, may take the principles of feminism as a foundation of thought and teach girls and women independence and self-reliance without explicitly labeling it with the stigmatized brand of feminism. If they won the right to vote, women would consequently have to align with a particular party, which would destroy their ability to be politically neutral. Note that this definition of antifeminism limits its reference to reactions against critiques of gender-based hierarchies and efforts to relieve the oppression of women. adjective. Anna Howard Shaw, president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) from 1904 to 1915, presumed, perhaps unfairly, that the antisuffragists were merely working under the influence of male forces. In 1950 and 1953, ERA was passed by the Senate with a provision known as "the Hayden rider", making it unacceptable to ERA supporters. The IWF claims to be "the voice of reasonable women with important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology". The men who believed in this model cited religious models and natural law to emphasize women's need to return to the private sphere, in order to separate men and women to keep women from outwardly challenging men in public. Video shows what antifeminist means.  Other feminists label writers such as Christina Hoff Sommers, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Katie Roiphe and Elizabeth Fox-Genovese with this term because of their positions regarding oppression and lines of thought within feminism.. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Antifeminism, also spelled anti-feminism, is opposition to some or all forms of feminism. ‘Big Sister is a valuable book that may, perhaps, be swept off the shelves for being "anti-feminist. , British newspaper The Guardian and the website Jezebel have also reported on an increasing number of women and female celebrities rejecting feminism and instead subscribing to humanism. By 1972, the amendment was supported by both major parties and was immensely popular. Does it matter how the Equal Rights Amendment is worded? How to pronounce anti-feminist (audio) , ˌan- tī- \ noun.  Arguments employed by antisuffragists at the turn of the century had less to do with a woman's place in the home as much as it had to do with a woman's proper place in the public realm. The current of anti-feminism which developed in the newer religious orders …. After initially receiving the majority of votes (51%), a Time editor apologized for including the word in the poll and removed it from the results. Bei uns wird hohe Sorgfalt auf eine faire Festlegung des Tests gelegt und das Testobjekt in der Endphase mit einer finalen Bewertung bepunktet.  The more successful a feminist movement is in challenging the authority of male-dominated groups, the more these groups will organize a countermovement. A person holding an attitude or philosophy in opposition to some or all feminist philosophy. , According to Amherst College sociology professor Jerome L. Himmelstein, antifeminism is rooted in social stigmas against feminism and is thus a purely reactionary movement. Anti feminist definition - Der absolute Favorit der Redaktion. For example, the perpetrators of the Christchurch massacre and the El Paso shooting appear to have been motivated by the conspiracy theory that white people are being replaced by non-whites largely as a result of feminist stances in Western societies.  This movement was intended to halt the rising divorce rate and reinforce traditional family values. It is about a socialist, anti-family political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism, and become lesbians." ‘the article was interpreted as anti-feminist’. , Moreover, other antifeminists oppose women's entry into the workforce, political office, or the voting process, as well as the lessening of male authority in families. The anti-feminist groups attacking the Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade decision : Roe v. Wade was a decision that allowed pregnant women to decide for … , Authors Janet Saltzman Chafetz and Anthony Gary Dworkin, writing for Gender and Society, argue that the organizations most likely to formally organize against feminism are religious. See more. If you look up the definition of “Feminism” in the dictionary, you’ll see these statements: Feminism is: 1. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Anti-feminist: as in bigot, misogynist. antagonistic to feminism.  Samuel Dike was one of the founders of the League, and was considered an early expert on divorce. In Sex in Education: or, a Fair Chance for the Girls (1873), Harvard professor Edward Clarke predicted that if women went to college, their brains would grow bigger and heavier, and their wombs would atrophy.  BBC and Time, among others, have covered the 2014 social media trend #WomenAgainstFeminism. … a publicly abusive faction of men's right … The pro-family movement appeared in the late 19th century, by about 1870. Opposed to feminism.  The Hayden rider was included to keep special protections for women. Antifeminism (also spelled anti-feminism) is opposition to some or all forms of feminism.Earlier groups of antifeminists have opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as women's suffrage in the late 19th century and early 20th century.  Women who opposed the ERA tended to fit characteristics consistent with the Religious Right.. This is good because the active mode is also politically efficient in its season.  These countermovements were in response to some women's growing demands, which were perceived as threatening to the standard way of life. “Anti-feminist.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist. What made you want to look up anti-feminist? anti-feminist noun.  What they opposed was women participating in the political sphere. , The term antifeminist is also used to describe public female figures, some of whom (such as Naomi Wolf, Camille Paglia, and Kate Roiphe) define themselves as feminists, based on their opposition to some or all elements of feminist movements.  Antiabortion writings, as well as conservative commentary in the late 20th century criticized the selfishness and self-centeredness of the feminist movement regarding abortions. Some women, like those in the Women's National Anti-Suffrage League, campaigned against women's suffrage. One theory is that it was a clash between upper-class liberal voters and the older, more conservative lower-class rural voters who often serve as the center for right-wing movements; in other words, this theory identifies particular social classes as more inherently friendly to antifeminism. Anti-Feminist Quotes: "The feminist agenda is not about equal rights for women. For example, Paul Gottfried maintains that the change of women's roles "has been a social disaster that continues to take its toll on the family" and contributed to a "descent by increasingly disconnected individuals into social chaos". Anti-feminist rhetoric is a powerful gateway to violent white nationalism, and it is calculated to appeal to the demographic overwhelmingly responsible for … Find another word for anti-feminist. In the late 19th century and early 20th century antifeminists opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as the right to vote, educational opportunities, property rights, and access to birth control . As it turned out, the most indicative factors when predicting ERA position, especially among women, were race, marital status, age, and education. anti gegen, lateinisch femina ‚Frau‘, -ismus) ist ein Oberbegriff für geistige, gesellschaftliche, politische, religiöse und akademische Strömungen und soziale Bewegungen, die sich gegen den Feminismus bzw. , University of Illinois at Chicago sociology professor Danielle Giffort argues that the stigma against feminism created by antifeminists has resulted in organizations that practice "implicit feminism", which she defines as the "strategy practiced by feminist activists within organizations that are operating in an anti- and post-feminist environment in which they conceal feminist identities and ideas while emphasizing the more socially acceptable angles of their efforts". So a non-feminist person is no less anti-feminist simply for opposing feminism passively, than an anti-feminist is for opposing it actively. ‘I've been labelled anti-feminist for questioning how we care for babies.’. Noun. , The Independent Women's Forum (IWF) is another antifeminist, conservative, women-oriented group. Wir haben im großen Anti feminist definition Test uns die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen. More example sentences. How have women contributed significantly? These antifeminists contend that feminism demonizes men (misandry) and that women are not oppressed in 21st century Western countries. Anti-feminism is opposition to feminism in some or all of its forms. ‘an anti-feminist emphasis on traditional gender roles’. Four women reply (and they're not from the left)", "The many misguided reasons famous ladies say 'I'm Not a Feminist, "#WomenAgainstFeminism goes viral as people explain why they don't need feminism anymore", "Time Magazine apologizes for including 'feminist' in 2015 word banishment poll", The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, "Alt-right, alt-left, antifa: a glossary of extremist language", "Alt-right in Montreal: The war against women", "How the alt-right's sexism lures men into white supremacy", "To Learn About the Far Right, Start With the 'Manosphere, "Resisting the feminist threat: antifeminist politics in post-Sandinista Nicaragua", "Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Violence: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State", Timeline of women's legal rights (other than voting), Boys are stupid, throw rocks at them! Suffragists scoffed at antisuffragists.  Supporters of an unaltered ERA rejected the Hayden rider, believing an ERA containing the rider did not provide for equality. He says that antifeminists oppose "women's entry into the public sphere, the re-organization of the private sphere, women's control of their bodies, and women's rights generally." Antifeminist Meaning. Another theory holds that women who feel vulnerable and dependent on men are likely to oppose anything that threatens that tenuous stability; under this view, while educated, independent career women may support feminism, housewives who lack such resources are more drawn to antifeminism. Through his efforts, the League garnered attention from pro-family advocates. Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. The vast popularity of the book caused such a buzz that the Civil Service Commission had to create a "publicity campaign to improve the image of federal employees" in hopes to save their federal employees from losing their jobs. However, numerous studies have failed to correlate the aforementioned demographic factors with support for antifeminism, and only religiosity correlates positively with antifeminist alignment. Though men were not the only antifeminists, men experienced what some have called a "crisis of masculinity" in response to traditional gender roles being challenged. ", Antifeminist ideology rejects at least one of the following general principles of feminism:, Some antifeminists argue that feminism, despite claiming to advocate for equality, ignores rights issues unique to men. Feminist definition, advocating social, political, legal, and economic rights for women equal to those of men. That is, women could keep their existing and future special protections that men did not have. If you do a search for “anti-feminist book” on Amazon you only get 356 results (and MOST of the results are STILL pro-feminist books). The advocacy of women's rights on the basis of the equality of the sexes. ", "Antifeminism, then, repudiates critiques of male supremacy and resists efforts to eliminate it (often accompanied by dismissal of the idea that change is possible). Accessed 24 Jan. 2021. Janet Chafetz identified in a study 32 first-wave antifeminist movements, including those in the 19th century and early 20th century movements. Delivered to your inbox! , Antifeminism might be motivated by the belief that feminist theories of patriarchy and disadvantages suffered by women in society are incorrect or exaggerated; that feminism as a movement encourages misandry and results in harm or oppression of men; or driven by general opposition towards women's rights. In the United States, some antifeminists see their ideology as a response to one rooted in hostility towards men, holding feminism responsible for several social problems, including lower college entrance rates of young men and a perceived decline in manliness in American culture. antifeminist - someone who does not believe in the social or economic or political equality of men and women bigot - a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own male chauvinist, sexist - a man with a chauvinistic belief in the inferiority of women It is because of feminism we have we have unrestricted sex, the Pill, abortion on demand, an astronomically increased number of single mothers, teenage mothers and women in their 40s struggling with infertility; we have a fatherless generation who haven't seen a better example; chastity is mocked, women are sexualized and coerced into selling themselves cheap; we have no-fault divorce, and deterioration of family.  For example, the ubiquity of casual sex and the decline of marriage are mentioned as negative consequences of feminism. advocating antifeminism.  They argue that a change of women's roles is a destructive force that endangers the family, or is contrary to religious morals. Attention all you man-hating feminists: Watch out for Roy Den Hollander. Himmelstein identifies two prevailing theories that seek to explain the origins of antifeminism: the first theory, proposed by Himmelstein, is that conservative opposition in the abortion and Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) debates has created a climate of hostility toward the entire feminist movement. … a publicly abusive faction of men's right advocates and, Post the Definition of anti-feminist to Facebook, Share the Definition of anti-feminist on Twitter, The Difference Between 'Hoard' and 'Horde'.  The second theory Himmelstein identifies states that the female antifeminists who lead the movement are largely married, low education, and low personal income women who embody the "insecure housewife scenario" and seek to perpetuate their own situation in which women depend on men for fiscal support. In both periods, those holding a traditional view of women's place in the home and family tried to advance their cause by joining with other conservative groups to forestall efforts to extend women's rights. Her anti-feminism was rooted in her opposition to “federal solutions to personal problems,” be they programs to alleviate poverty, provide health care, or educate young children. Most used the same hashtag, "womenagainstfeminism", but instead made satirical and bluntly parodic comments. Synonyms for anti-feminist include misogynist, woman-hater, MCP, sexist, chauvinist, male chauvinist, misanthrope, womanhater, male supremacist and male chauvinist pig. He argues that antifeminists consider the "traditional gender division of labor as natural and inevitable, perhaps also divinely sanctioned. Abortion remains one of the most controversial topics in the United States. , The "women's movement" began in 1848, most famously articulated by Elizabeth Cady Stanton demanding voting rights, joined by Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony and others who also pushed for other rights such as education, job freedom, marital and property rights, and the right to choose when or whether to become a mother. In the anti-feminist movement, most people assume men are leading the charge.  Later historians tended to dismiss antisuffragists as subscribing to the model of domestic idealism, that a woman's place is in the home. This undermines and belittles the true power and numbers behind the antisuffrage movement, which was primarily led by women themselves. , Furthermore, antifeminists view feminism as a denial of innate psychological sex differences, and an attempt to reprogram people against their biological tendencies. Thus, most women continue to practice feminism in terms of seeking equality and independence for women, yet avoid the label. Himmelstein, however, says both views are at least partially wrong, arguing that the primary dividing line between feminists and antifeminists is cultural rather than stemming from differences in economic and social status. Antiabortion views helped further several right-wing movements, including explicit antifeminism, and helped right-wing politicians rise to power. I thought feminists were only doing harm to themselves and others, and I proudly proclaimed that I was not a feminist. This self-proclaimed "anti-feminist" lawyer (Web site tag line: "Now is …  They have argued that feminism has resulted in changes to society's previous norms relating to sexuality, which they see as detrimental to traditional values or conservative religious beliefs. The National League for the Protection of the Family, formerly known as the Divorce Reform League, took over the movement in 1881. Roe v. Wade was decided in 1973, and abortion was utilized by many antifeminists to rally supporters. , In response to the social media trend, modern day feminists also began to upload similar pictures to websites such as Twitter and Tumblr. By integrating Stop ERA with the thus-dubbed "new right", she was able to leverage a wider range of technological, organizational and political resources, successfully targeting pro-feminist candidates for defeat. — Margaret W. Labarge. In fact, leaders of the movement often encouraged other women to leave the home and participate in society. Canadian sociologists Melissa Blais and Francis Dupuis-Déri write that antifeminist thought has primarily taken the form of masculinism, in which "men are in crisis because of the feminization of society". controversy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antifeminism&oldid=1001406668, Articles with limited geographic scope from May 2017, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, That social arrangements among men and women, "The two major waves of antifeminist activity coincide with the two waves of the women's rights movement: the campaign to secure female suffrage in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the feminist movement of the late twentieth century.  Both of these organizations pride themselves on rallying women who do not identify with feminist rhetoric together. , Many who affiliate with the alt-right movement are antifeminist, with antifeminism and resentment of women being a common recruitment gateway into the movement. Type 1) Egalitarian Anti-feminist. , The Concerned Women of America (CWA) are also an antifeminist organization. Some argued that women were already overburdened. anti-feminism \ ˌan- tē- ˈfe- mə- ˌni- zəm. Anti-trans feminists are canceling Biden for signing an order that reverses Trump's definition of gender as 'biological sex' The meaning of antifeminism has varied across time and cultures, and antifeminism attracts both men and women. Anti-feminists understand that feminism is a danger to society. Century Western countries important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology '' equal to those of.! And abortion was utilized by many antifeminists to rally Supporters was immensely popular of! 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